Article seriously interested in 18 th wedding – adulthood away from younger financing Astana – due to the fact 1998

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Article seriously interested in 18 th wedding – adulthood away from younger financing Astana – due to the fact 1998

Every year brand new ecological condition of one’s ‘southern capital’ deteriorates significantly

July six, 1994 – are closed brand new Quality of Finest Council of Republic away from Kazakhstan “To the transfer of money of your own Republic from Kazakhstan.” Now, this time is commercially proclaimed as the Day’s the administrative centre. 1996 – Top Far-eastern, African and you may European architects provides gained to talk about the new images out of general creativity bundle of your own the investment. Brand new globally race for the best general development of Astana claimed the japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa. Akmola is actually proclaimed while the financing off Kazakhstan toward tenth December 1997 by Chairman out-of Kazakhstan Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev and also the Parliament away from Republic away from Kazakhstan. The latest international presentation of Astana, because the the latest capital of Kazakhstan, occured on the tenth Summer 1998. From inside the 1999 Astana is actually issued with the medal and you will label out of City of Peace of the UNESCO. Now this new city’s region is more than seven twenty-two sq .. kilometer.

Of the Presidential ed into Astana

The original capitals regarding latest, latest and you can modern reputation for Kazakhstan had been one or two different locations into the the same time frame Alash-kala (1917-1920) – currentntly entitled Semey ( 50 % of element of Alash-kala Area for Kazakhstan had been taked removed from Kazakhstan from the other episodes from Russian Empire and you can USSR and you will turned into progressive Kemerovskaya oblast – Kemerovo ( Kazakh city Komir kemer interpreted away from kazakh because the Hill hillside out of coal ), Altayskiy Kray – Barnaul ( Kazakh Mountains away from Altai which have Kazakh city Boranaul interpreted out-of Kazakh while the community away from snowfall-storm or city of blizzard) and you can Altai Republic – Gorno-Altaisk.(Kazakh Mountains regarding Altai having Kazakh city Kos-Agash otherwise Kosh-Agash setting this new woods pair in addition to curtain of the woods and you may literal interpretation on Kazakh phrase “kosh” and you will “agash” setting “good-bye, the fresh new forest”, add up to dependent here treeless landscapes) Kazakh Tobol Part fully taked out of nowadays they a keen region of modern Tumenskaya oblast – Tumen ( Kazakh area Tomen and thus Off), Tobolsk (Kazakh town on the river Tobyl and therefore called shortly after Tobyl-Tura Siberian Kazakh Khan) and you can Novosibirskaya oblast-Novosibirsk ( Sibir otherwise Siberia are good Kazakh lands out-of Siberian Kazakh Khanate), Tomskaya oblast-Tomsk ( Kazakh city Tombi

Kokand (off 1917-1918, after Tashkent out-of 1918-1924)) – currently which metropolitan areas found on the area away from Uzbekistan because October 27, 1924 – 1925 considering the national-territorial delimitation away from administrative and you may territorial reform from USSR transferred to the fresh new newly-shaped the polish hearts PЕ™ihlГЎЕЎenГ­ newest Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic 1925 with an investment in the Samarkand (produced from the newest mutual regions of one’s disbandment of one’s Khorezm Socialist Soviet Republic, out-of Bukhara Soviet Socialist Republic and you will taked out of territoies away from Kazakhstan about Syrdarya area for Kazakhstan Amudariya and you can Tashkent countyies),

Orynbor ( currently named Orenburg) in the 1920 – 1925 ( after new Kazakh territoryies was taked faraway from Kazakhstan – Kazakh Orynbor Area (currently 1 / 2 of Orynbor Area became part of Bashkiriya-Russia’s Freedom Republic), Orenburg , Kurgan ( are Kazakh town Korgan) and you may Chelyabinsk ( are Kazakh city Chelyabi) oblast(regions) regarding Russian Federation) ; Kazakh Bukei Region, Kazakh Nogay Horde and Astrakhan Kazakh Khanate ( already Astrakhan oblast and you will Kalmyk Self-reliance Republic from Russian Federation ( Kazakh city Asterkhan-Kazhy Tarkhan ) and you may county Sary-Tau ( now entitled Saratovskaya oblast-Saratov), county Sary-Su( named in the Russian Empire Tsaritsyn up coming renamed to Volgagrad) and you may ; Kazakh town and you can state Ombi of Akmola Part ( currently Omsk Area for Russian Federation) ; Kazakh towns and countyies Tombi and you will Tobyl ( currently Tomsk and you will Tobolsk),

Kazakhstan this may be are relocated to Kyzylorda from inside the 1925. The building of the Turkish railway try the key reason for animated the capital to Alma-Ata in the 1929. The capital is actually went of Almaty so you’re able to Akmola for financial, environmental and geographical explanations. Almaty is just too from the the actual geographical cardio of one’s country. The people in the Almaty is almost step 1.5 million and no further candidates to own rental. In reality the city is quite overbuilt, densely populated and contains zero spare portion to possess invention. Transport is even a challenge. It is probably one of the most contaminated places in Kazakhstan. Akmola is chosen as most readily useful solution, according to a country-wide research considering thirty-two variables and additionally socioeconomic indicator, environment, landscape, seismic updates, environment, systems and you can transport system, construction place and employees. Decisive benefits of Astana incorporated its complete position, territory, central area, proximity to major financial locations and blood vessels, possibility to boost its society to help you eight hundred,000, secure electric provides, well-set up transportation infrastructure and you will healthy surrounding.

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